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Publications

 Click HERE for Dr. Tymianski on PUBMED.
(Note:  The Toronto Brain Vascular Malformation
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Articles in Peer-Reviewed Publications:

 

Published / In-press:

  1. Inhibition of caspase-mediated apoptosis by peroxynitrite in traumatic brain injury. Lau A, Arundine M, Sun HS, Jones M, Tymianski M. J Neurosci. 2006 Nov 8;26(45):11540-53.

  2. Anterior ethmoidal artery aneurysm and intracerebral hemorrhage. da Costa LB, Valiante T, Terbrugge K, Tymianski M. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2006 Sep;27(8):1672-4.

  3. Symptomatic non-atherosclerotic bilateral extracranial vertebral artery occlusion treated with extracranial to intracranial bypass: case report. da Costa LB, Tymianski M. 2006 Sep;64(3A):664-7.

  4. A discriminative prediction model of neurological outcome for patients undergoing surgery of brain arteriovenous malformations. Spears J, Terbrugge KG, Moosavian M, Montanera W, Willinsky RA, Wallace MC, Tymianski M. Stroke. 2006 Jun;37(6):1457-64. Epub 2006 May 11.

  5. TRPMs and neuronal cell death. Aarts MM, Tymianski M. Pflugers Arch. 2005 Oct;451(1):243-9. Epub 2005 Jul 26. Review.

  6. Preoperative and postoperative mapping of cerebrovascular reactivity in moyamoya disease by using blood oxygen level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging. Mikulis DJ, Krolczyk G, Desal H, Logan W, Deveber G, Dirks P, Tymianski M, Crawley A, Vesely A, Kassner A, Preiss D, Somogyi R, Fisher JA. J Neurosurg. 2005 Aug;103(2):347-55.

  7. Analysis of cost related to clinical and angiographic outcomes of aneurysm patients enrolled in the international subarachnoid aneurysm trial in a North American setting. Javadpour M, Jain H, Wallace MC, Willinsky RA, ter Brugge KG, Tymianski M. Neurosurgery. 2005 May;56(5):886-94; discussion 886-94.

  8. TRPM7 and ischemic CNS injury. Aarts MM, Tymianski M. Neuroscientist. 2005 Apr;11(2):116-23. Review.

  9. Multiple de novo vascular malformations in relation to diffuse venous occlusive disease: a case report. Desal HA, Lee SK, Kim BS, Raoul S, Tymianski M, TerBrugge KG. Neuroradiology. 2005 Jan;47(1):38-42. Epub 2005 Jan 15.

  10. Vulnerability of central neurons to secondary insults after in vitro mechanical stretch. Arundine M, Aarts M, Lau A, Tymianski M. J Neurosci. 2004 Sep 15;24(37):8106-23.

  11. Molecular mechanisms of glutamate-dependent neurodegeneration in ischemia and traumatic brain injury. Arundine M, Tymianski M. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2004 Mar;61(6):657-68. Review.

  12. Molecular mechanisms underlying specificity of excitotoxic signaling in neurons. Aarts MM, Tymianski M. Curr Mol Med. 2004 Mar;4(2):137-47. Review.

  13. A key role for TRPM7 channels in anoxic neuronal death. Aarts M, Iihara K, Wei WL, Xiong ZG, Arundine M, Cerwinski W, MacDonald JF, Tymianski M.

  14. Novel concepts in excitotoxic neurodegeneration after stroke. Aarts MM, Arundine M, Tymianski M. Expert Rev Mol Med. 2003 Dec 16;2003:1-22. No abstract available.

  15. Enhanced vulnerability to NMDA toxicity in sublethal traumatic neuronal injury in vitro. Arundine M, Chopra GK, Wrong A, Lei S, Aarts MM, MacDonald JF, Tymianski M. J Neurotrauma. 2003 Dec;20(12):1377-95.

  16. Molecular mechanisms of calcium-dependent neurodegeneration in excitotoxicity. Arundine M, Tymianski M. Cell Calcium. 2003 Oct-Nov;34(4-5):325-37. Review. 

  17. Peptide action in stroke therapy. Aarts MM, Tymianski M. Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2003 Oct;3(7):1093-104. Review.

  18. Novel treatment of excitotoxicity: targeted disruption of intracellular signalling from glutamate receptors. Aarts MM, Tymianski M. Biochem Pharmacol. 2003 Sep 15;66(6):877-86. Review.

  19. Treatment of ischemic brain damage by perturbing NMDA receptor- PSD-95 protein interactions. Aarts M, Liu Y, Liu L, Besshoh S, Arundine M, Gurd JW, Wang YT, Salter MW, Tymianski M. Science. 2002 Oct 25;298(5594):846-50.

  20. Neuroprotective strategies in epilepsy.  Carlen PL, Pelletier MR, Ouanounou A, Tymianski M, Zhang L. Adv Exp Med Biol 2002;497:209-24. Review.

  21. Partial labyrinthectomy approach for brainstem vascular lesions. Shehab ZP, Walsh RM, Thorp MA, Wallace MC, Tymianski M, Rutka JA.  J Otolaryngol. 2001 Aug;30(4):224-30.

  22. Molecular mechanisms of glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxic neuronal cell death. Sattler R, Tymianski M. Mol Neurobiol. 2001 Aug-Dec;24(1-3):107-29. Review.

  23. The influence of glutamate receptor 2 expression on excitotoxicity in Glur2 null mutant mice. Iihara K, Joo DT, Henderson J, Sattler R, Taverna FA, Lourensen S, Orser BA, Roder JC, Tymianski M. J Neurosci. 2001 Apr 1;21(7):2224-39.

  24. The transmastoid partial labyrinthectomy approach to medial skull base lesions. Walsh RM, Tymianski M, Wallace MC, Bath AP, Bance ML, Rutka JA. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord). 2000;121(1):13-20.

  25. Methods to induce primary and secondary traumatic damage in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. Adamchik Y, Frantseva MV, Weisspapir M, Carlen PL, Perez Velazquez JL. Brain Res Brain Res Protoc. 2000 Apr;5(2):153-8.

  26. Molecular mechanisms of calcium-dependent excitotoxicity. Sattler R, Tymianski M.  J Mol Med. 2000;78(1):3-13. Review.

  27. Distinct roles of synaptic and extra-synaptic NMDA receptors in excitotoxicity. R Sattler, Z Xiong, W.Y. Lu, JF MacDonald, and M Tymianski. J. Neurosci. 2000 20: 22-33.

  28. Specific Coupling of NMDA Receptor Activation to Nitric Oxide Neurotoxicity by PSD-95 Protein. Sattler R, Xiong Z, Lu WY, Hafner M, MacDonald JF, and Tymianski MScience 1999 June 11; 284: 1845-1848

  29. Molecular mechanisms of calcium neurotoxicity. R. Sattler and M. Tymianski. J. Molec Med. (In Press).

  30. Endovascular occlusion of basilar bifurcation aneurysms with electrolytically detachable coils. Redekop G, Willinsky R, Montanera W, TerBrugge K, Tymianski M, Wallace MC. Can J Neurol Sci 1999 Aug;26(3):172-81

  31. A simple relationship between radiological AVM hemodynamics and clinical presentation: A prospective, blinded analysis of 31 patients. Norris JS, Valiante TA, Wallace MC, Willinsky RA, Montanera WJ, TerBrugge KG, Tymianski M. Journal of Neurosurgery. 1999, 90(4):673-9.

  32. Distinct influx Pathways, not calcium load, determine neuronal vulnerability to calcium neurotoxicity. Sattler R., Charlton MP, Hafner M., Tymianski M.  Journal of Neurochemistry 71:2349-2364, 1998.

  33. Characterization of neuroprotection from excitotoxicity by moderate and profound hypothermia in cultured cortical neurons unmasks a temperature-insensitive component of glutamate neurotoxicity. Tymianski M, Sattler R, Zabramski J. A, Spetzler RF. J. Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 18:848-867, 1998.

  34. Preparation, characterization and utility of a novel antibody for resolving the spatial and temporal dynamics of the calcium chelator BAPTA. Tymianski M., Sattler R., Bernstein G, Jones OT. Cell Calcium.22(1):111-120, 1997.

  35. Impact of cytoplasmic calcium buffering on the spatial and temporal characteristics of intercellular calcium signals in astrocytes. Zhong Wang, Tymianski M, Jones OT, Nedergaard M. J Neurosci 17(19):7359-7371, 1997.

  36. Mechanisms and effects of intracellular calcium buffering on neuronal survival in organotypic hippocampal cultures exposed to anoxia/aglycemia or to excitotoxins. Abdel-Hamid, K. and Tymianski M. J Neurosci 17(10):3538-3553, 1997.

  37. Determination of the time-course and extent of neurotoxicity at defined temperatures in cultured neurons using a modified multi-well plate fluorescence scanner. Sattler R, Charlton MP, Hafner M, Tymianski M. J. Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 17(4):455-463, 1997.

  38. A novel use for a carbodiimide compound for the fixation of fluorescent and non-fluorescent calcium indicators in situ following physiological experiments. Tymianski M, Bernstein GM, Abdel-Hamid KM, Sattler R, Velumian A, Carlen PL, Razavi H, Jones OT. Cell Calcium. 21(3), 175-183, 1997.

  39. What is recurrent carotid disease and should we treat it? Holland MC, Tymianski M, Spetzler RF. Cerebrovascular Diseases 7 (Suppl 1):16-21, 1997.

  40. Ca2+ affinity-dependent attenuation of hippocampal synaptic transmission by low concentrations of cell-permeant Ca2+ chelators. Spigelman I, Tymianski M, Wallace MC, Carlen PL, Velumian AA. Neuroscience, 75(2):559-572, 1996.

  41. Accumulation and extrusion of permeanr Ca2+ chelators in attenuation of synaptic transmission at hippocampal CA1 neurons. Ouanounou A, Zhang L, Tymianski M, Charlton MP, Wallace MC, Carlen PL. Neuroscience 75(1):99-109, 1996.

  42. Voltage-sensitive calcium channels mediate calcium entry into cultured mammalian sympathetic neurons following axotomy. Sattler R, Tymianski, M, Hafner M, Fayaz I, Tator CH. Brain Res. 719:239-246, 1996.

  43. Normal and abnormal calcium homeostasis in neurons: a basis for the pathophysiology of ischemic and traumatic CNS injury. Tymianski M, Tator CH. Neurosurgery, 38(6):1176-1195, 1996

  44. Potentiation of a slow Ca2+-dependent K+ current (IsAHP) by chelators of intracellular Ca2+ in hippocampal CA1 neurons of rat brain slices. Zhang L, Velumian A, Tymianski M, Pennefather P, Charlton M, Carlen P.L. The Journal of Neurophysiology, 74(6):2225-2241, 1996.

  45. Neuroprotection in vitro and in vivo by cell membrane-permeant Ca2+ chelators. Tymianski M. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 22(4):299-300, 1995.

  46. Neuroprotective properties of cell permeant Ca2+ chelators: Effects on [Ca2+]i and glutamate neurotoxicity in vitro. Tymianski M, Charlton MP, Carlen PL, Tator CH. The Journal of Neurophysiology 267(36):1973-1992, 1994.

  47. Mechanism of action and persistence of neuroprotection by cell permeant ca2+ chelators. Tymianski M, Spigelman I, Zhang L, Carlen P, Tator CH, Charlton MP, Wallace MC. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 14:911-923, 1994.

  48. Enhancement of neuroprotection by chronic depolarization in cultured spinal neurons. Tymianski, M. Wang LY, MacDonald JF. Brain Research, 648(2):291-295, 1994.

  49. Embolization with temporary balloon occlusion of the internal carotid artery and in vivo proton spectroscopy improves radical removal of petrous-tentorial meningioma. Tymianski M, Willinsky RA, Tator CH, Mikulis D, terBrugge KG, Markson L. Neurosurgery 35(5), 974-977, 1994.

  50. Attenuation of glutamate neurotoxicity and ischemic neuronal damage by permeant Ca2+ chelators in vitro and in vivo. Tymianski M, Wallace MC, Spigelman I, Uno M, Carlen PL, Tator CH, Charlton MP. Neuron 11: 221-235, Aug 1993

  51. Source specificity of early calcium neurotoxicity in cultured embryonic spinal neurons. Tymianski M, Charlton MP, Carlen PL, Tator CH. Journal of Neuroscience, 13:2085-2104, 1993.

  52. Secondary Ca2+ overload indicates early neuronal injury which precedes staining with viability indicators. Tymianski M, Charlton MP, Carlen PL, Tator CH. Brain Research 607:319-323, April 2, 1993.

  53. The direct effects of nimodipine on intracellular calcium in spinal neurons in explant culture. Tymianski M, Tator CH. Drugs in Development, 2:337-347, 1993

  54. Effect of a direct-current field on axons after direct experimental spinal cord injury. Fehlings MG, Wong TH, Tator CH, Tymianski M. Can. J. Surg. 32(3): 188-191, 1989

 

 

Others:

  1. Tymianski M. A study of neuronal Ca2+ homeostasis: application to the pathophysiology and treatment of early excitotoxic and hypoxic/ischemic neuronal injury in vitro and in vivo. Ph.D. thesis, 1994.

  2. Wiebers D et al., Unruptured intracranial aneurysms - Risk of rupture and risks of surgical intervention. New Eng J Med.339(24) 1725-1733, 1998 (contributor).

 

Published Abstracts:

 

  1. Wong TH, Fehlings MG, Tator CH, Tymianski M. The effect of an applied direct current field on axonal counts in the spinal cord after experimental spinal cord injury. University of Toronto Medical Journal, Suppl. 1., S-4, 1988

  2. Wong TH, Fehlings MG, Tator CH, Tymianski M. The effect of an applied direct current field on axonal counts in the spinal cord after experimental spinal cord injury: A morphometric analysis. Clin Inv Med 11(4) Sept. C88, 1988.

  3. Tymianski M, Tator CH, Theriault E: A Simple organotypic whole-mount spinal cord culture system for fluorescence ratio imaging of intracellular calcium. Can J Neurol Sci 18:239, 1991.

  4. Tymianski M, Tator CH, Theriault E: Imaging of neuronal calcium in whole-mount organotypic spinal cord cultures. Third IBRO World Congress of Neuroscience, Montreal, Canada, Aug 1991. ABS P51.31

  5. Tymianski M, Tator CH: Potassium dependence of calcium changes in spinal neurons in organotypic culture: studies with Fura-2. Soc for Neurosci Abs 17:162, 1991

  6. Tymianski M, Tator CH: The effects of extracellular ionic shifts on neuronal calcium in spinal cord explant cultures. J Neurotrauma 9:71, 1992.

  7. Tymianski M. Tator C.H. A novel approach to preventing Ca2+ neurotoxicity with membrane permeant calcium chelators. Can J Neurol Sci 19:274, 1992.

  8. Tymianski M. Tator C.H. Ca2+ neurotoxicity is not solely dependent on a sustained suprathreshold rise in intracellular calcium. Can J Neurol Sci 19:273, 1992.

  9. Tymianski M. Tator C.H. Evaluation of the direct effects of nimodipine on cytoplasmic calcium in spinal neurons. Can J Neurol Sci 19:286, 1992.

  10. Tymianski M, Charlton MP, Tator CH. High and low affinity Ca2+ buffers protect against excitotoxic neuronal injury in vitro. J Neurotrauma 1993 (in press).

  11. Tator CH, Tymianski M, Robitaille R, Charlton MP. Source-specificity of Ca2+ neurotoxicity in cultured neurons. Soc Neurosci Abstr 18:571.1,1992.

  12. Tymianski M, Wallace MC, Charlton MP, Tator CH. Application of intracellular Ca2+ chelation for the treatment of stroke. Stroke 24(1):179, 1993.

  13. Tymianski M, Wallace MC, Spigelman I, Uno M, Carlen PL, Tator CH, Charlton MP. A novel strategy for the treatment of cerebral ischemia by intracellular calcium chelators. XVIIIth Canadian Congress of Neurological Sciences. Can J Neurol Sci 20(Suppl 2):S31, 1993

  14. Tymianski M, Tator, CH. Neuroprotective mechanism of hypothermia involves redistribution of intra-neuronal calcium fluxes. J. Neurotrauma 10:S170, 1993.

  15. Charlton MP, Tymianski M, Wallace MC, Uno M, Spigelman I, Carlen PL, Tator CH. Treatment of stroke by intracellular Ca2+ chelation. J Neurotrauma 10:S209, 1993.

  16. Tymianski M, Wallace MC, Uno M, Spigelman I, Charlton MP, Carlen PL, Tator CH. Successful treatment of experimental focal ischemic stroke by intracellular Ca2+ chelation. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 13,Suppl 1:S638.

  17. M. Tymianski, M.C. Wallace, I. Spigelman, M. Uno, P.L. Carlen, C.H. Tator, M.P. Charlton, Successful treatment of early excitotoxic/ischemic neuronal injury by permeant Ca2+ chelators in vitro and in vivo. Soc Neurosci Abstr 19:553.11. 1993.

  18. I. Spigelman, M. Tymianski, M.P. Charlton. Electrophysiological consequences of intracellular Ca2+ chelation in hippocampal neurons in vitro. Soc Neurosci Abst 19:553.12, 1993.

  19. M. Tymianski, I. Spigelman, L. Zhang, P.L. Carlen, M.P. Charlton, M.C. Wallace. Mechanism of Action and Persistence of Neuroprotection by Intracellular Ca2+ chelators. Stroke 25(1):254, 1994.

  20. M. Tymianski, I Spigelman, L Zhang, PL Carlen, CH Tator, MP Charlton, M. Christopher Wallace. Mechanism and duration of neuroprotection by cell permeant Ca2+ chelators in focal cerebral ischemia. Can J Neurol Sci 21:Suppl 2-S46, 1994.

  21. I. Spigelman, M. Tymianski, M.C. Wallace, P.L. Carlen, A.A. Velumian. Attenuation of hippocampal synaptic tranmission by cell-permeant Ca2+ chelators in vitro. Soc Neurosci Abstr 1994 (in press).

  22. P. Dirks, M. Tymianski, R. Willinsky, Walter Montanera, M.C. Wallace, K. TerBrugge. An analysis of complications from endovascular treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations. Can J Neurol Sci 22(Supp 1) S33, 1995.

  23. M. Tymianski, W. Morrish, R. Willinsky, W. Montanera, K. TerBrugge, A. Guha, D. Mikulis. Superior saggital sinus involvement by parasaggital meningiomas: Comparison of angiography and MRI. Can J Neurol Sci Sci 22(Supp 1) S50, 1995.

  24. M. Tymianski, S. Konasiewicz, P.J. Muller, W.S. Tucker, R.J. Moulton, M. Cusimano, J. Bilbao. Adult Brainstem gliomas: clinical, radiological and pathological features. Can J Neurol Sci 22(Supp 1) S60, 1995.

  25. Sattler R, Tator CH, Hafner M, Fayaz I, Tymianski M, Voltage-sensitive calcium channels mediate calcium entry into cultured mammalian sympathetic neurons following axotomy. Soc Neurosci Abstr 1995, Abst 395.1.

  26. Ouanounou A, Zhang L, Tymianski M, Charlton MP, Wallace MC, Carlen PL. The membrane permeable calcium chelator, BAPTA-AM, attenuates synaptictransmission in vitro in the hippocampus CA1 region. Soc Neurosci Abstr 1995, Abstr 615.2.

  27. Sattler R, Tator CH, Tymianski M, Mechanism and pharmacotherapy of early calcium entry into neurons following Axotomy J. Neurotrauma 12:969 Abstr IVT5.

  28. Wang Z, Tymianski M, Jones OT, Sattler R, Bernstein G, Wallace MC, Nedergaard M. Impact of cytoplasmic calcium buffering on the spatial and temporal characteristics of intercellular calcium signals in astrocytes. Soc Neurosci Abstr 22(3): 684.14, 1996.

  29. Sattler R, Charlton MP, Hafner M, Tymianski M. Measurement of the time-course and degree of cell death in cultured cortical neurons using a multiwell fluorescence scanner. Soc Neurosci Abstr 22(3):746.16, 1996.

  30. Abdel-Hamid KM, Tymianski M. On the neuroprotective and neurotoxic potential of intracellular calcium chelation in organotypic hippocampal slices exposed to oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD). Soc Neurosci Abstr 22(1):318.15, 1996.

  31. Tymianski M. Sattler R, Spetzler RF, Zabramski JM. Neuroprotective effects of deep hypothermia on excitotoxic injury in cultured cortical neurons. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 22(1):318.14, 1996.

  32. Jahromi BS, Zhang L, Pennefather PS, Tymianski M, CHarlton MP, Carlen PL. BAPTA potentiates Ca2+ signals in CA1 hippocampal neurons in rat brain slices. Soc Neurosci Abstr 22(2): 572.2, 1996.

  33. Sattler R., Charlton, M.P., Hafner M., Tymianski M., Source-specificity of Ca2+ neurotixicity revisited: The route of Ca2+ influx, not the degree of Ca2+ loading, determines excitotoxic neuronal cell death. Soc Neurosci Abstr 23:894.4, 1997

  34. Tymianski M., Bernstein G.M. Sattler R., Jones OT. Preparations, characterization and utility of a novel antibody for resolving the spatial and temporal dynamics of the calcium chelator BAPTA. M. Soc Cell, Biol Abstr (In press).

  35. Sattler R., Tymianski M. Mechanism of neuroprotection and of neurotoxicity of cell-membrane permeant calcium buffers. Soc Neurosci Abstr 1998 (in-press).

  36. Iihara K, Orser BA, Tymianski M. Efficacy, mechanisms, and temperature dependence of neuroprotection by intravenous anaesthetics against excitotoxicity and oxygen-glucose deprivation in cultured mouse cortical neurons. Soc Neurosci Abstr 1998 (in-press).

  37. Farragos AJ, TerBrugge K, Willinsky RA, Montanera WJ, Schwartz M, Tymianski M, Wallace MC: Impact of therapy fro brain arteriovenous malformations on seizure frequency. Can J Neurol Sci 25: May 1998 Suppl 1- S35.

  38. Porter PJ TerBrugge K, Willinsky RA, Montanera WJ, Schwartz M, Tymianski M, Wallace MC: Partial therapy for brain arteriovenous malformations: Impact on natural history of hemorrhage. Can J Neurol Sci 25: May 1998 Suppl 1- S35.

  39. Norris JS, Valiante TA, Wallace MC, Willinsky RA, Montanera WJ, TerBrugge KG, Tymianski M. Is there a correlation between clinical modes of presentation and radiological hemodynamics of cerebral AVMs? A prospective, blinded analysis of 31 patients. Can J Neurol Sci 25: May 1998 Suppl 1- S94.

  40. Woodrow S, Tymianski M, Gentili F, Wallace MC. Intracranial aneurysm surgery performed in a postgraduate training program. Can J Neurol Sci 25: May 1998 Suppl 1- S97.

  41. R. Sattler, Z. Xiong, W.Y. Lu, J.F. MacDonald, M. Tymianski. Coupling Of Nmda Receptor-Induced Calcium Influx To Neurotoxic Signal Transduction Pathways By Postsynpatic Density Protein Psd-95. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 19;Suppl 1 S-468, 1999

  42. K. Iihara, D. Yip, J. Henderson, F. Taverna, S. Lorensen, B.A. Orser, J.C. Roder, M. Tymianski. Calcium-Independence Of Ampa-Receptor Neurotoxicity In Neurons Of Mutant Mice Expressing Glur2-Deficient, Calcium Permeable Ampa Receptors. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 19;Suppl 1 S-456, 1999

  43. Kim M. Willinsky, RA., terBrugge KG, Tymianski M. Wallace MC: Intramedullary and perimedullary spinal cord vascular malformations: Multidisciplinary approach to treatment. J Neurosurg, Jan 1999 90(1) p.212A.

  44. M. Tymianski, K. Iihara. Glutamate-independent, gadolimium-sensitive calcium influx: A neurtoxic step limiting neuronal survival after prolonged oxygen-glucose deprivation. Soc Neurosci Abstr 1999 Abstr. 642.9. P. 1604.

  45. K. Iihara, D. Ip, J. Henderson, R. Sattler, F. Taverna, S. Lourenson, B.A. Orser, J.C. Roder, M. Tymianski. Independence of AMPA-receptor-mediated excitotoxicity on Ca2+ influx through GluR2-deficient AMPA receptors. Soci Neurosci Abstr 1999. Abstr. 338.7. p. 841

  46. Sattler R, Xiong Z, Lu WY, Hafner M, MacDonald JF, and Tymianski M. Specific Coupling of NMDA Receptor Activation to Nitric Oxide Neurotoxicity by PSD-95 Protein. Soc. Neurosci Abstr. 1999. Abstr 338.2 p. 840.

  47. R. Sattler, Z. Xiong, WY Lu, JF MacDonald, and M. Tymianski. Distinct roles of synaptic and non-synaptic NMDA receptors in excitotoxicity. Soc Neurosci Abstr. 1999 Abstr. 338.1 p. 840